FAUNA OF ROSEBANK

(including the Nightcap NP & the Whian Whian SCA)

Important Tips on Living with our Native Animals & Birds

Threats

Landclearing, motor vehicle collisions and attack by cats and dogs are the biggest killers of our wildlife. It is important to let your visitors know that wildlife are most vulnerable on our roads at night and responsible pet ownership is essential. Restrain all pets especially from dusk till dawn and walk dogs on leads. Dogs left to roam (and they will) do pack up with neighbouring animals and go hunting or even worse become feral wild dogs. Cats are responsible for the decline in our glider species in the area.

Dogs and cats found roaming on properties can be shot by the property owner.

Landclearing has had a major impact on the wildlife of Rosebank. Hollows in trees are in demand by many native species. Large old dead trees (stags) provide habitat for our larger Greater Gliders. Grasslands provide habitat for birds and foraging wildlife. So please think carefully about clearing areas. Leave some habitat for the wildlife to retreat to if you feel compelled to clear and this will ensure that your home does not become their home if no habitat is available.

More harm is done to native vegetation and thus the wildlife it supports in the first year of purchase of your property in regards to landclearing. Don’t be too eager to hire a bulldozer or remove those unsightly dead trees. Someone may be living in them.

The general rule is; sit with you land for a year to see all the seasons. Note where wildlife lives & feeds and where nests & hollows are located before you clear. Leave a minimum of 30% of your property for biodiversity.

Do not feed Wildlife

You must also be mindful — not to feed wildlife. Disease can be transferred easily if fed in campgrounds, picnic areas or at your home feeding stations and birdbaths. Dominant species can drive away the smaller species from the area and can become aggressive in behaviour towards us. If you do have a birdbath or feeding station make sure clean water is available daily so that disease is not spread and feed stations are cleaned regularly. If you must — provide native bird seed only. Please do not feed birds or animals with bread.

As life is a little different when you live so close to World Heritage areas it is important to remove all dog/cat food from verandahs after your pet has fed especially after dark to deter nocturnal wildlife.

Keep birdbaths, water features and water containers for pets away from the house as snakes are often attracted to water too, especially at night.

Goannas, possums, snakes, birds and bush turkeys may be attracted to your recycling area. Make sure these are kept in sealed recycling containers that are goanna proof. Cover your trailer as well if you use it to store rubbish for the tip. Animals that are attracted to food scraps can become problematic and aggressive.

Be mindful that due to the high numbers of threatened species in our National Parks dogs are not permitted in these special areas.

Caged Domestic Animals

Newcomers & visitors must be aware that domestic farm animals such as chooks, ducks, guinea pigs, pet rabbits or cage birds need to be fully housed, roofed and floored in order to be snake, rodent, raptor and goanna proof.12mm square wire mesh is the standard for our conditions. Keep in mind that if a mouse can burrow into an enclosure a snake can follow it. For this reason wire floors are essential.

Likewise veggie gardens will need to be fenced to prevent echidna and bandicoot diggings and wallaby browse. Wire meshing to fences should be a minimum of 1.2m ht and be partly buried in the ground.

Integrated pest management is a good companion and a must to learn. The use of owl nest boxes is quite efficient in rodent control while possum boxes are useful for those over friendly possums. Refer to WIRES website for some more handy tips on nestboxes and wildlife on farms www.wiresnr.org

Fauna

Rosebank and our surrounds has a very high diversity of native fauna. The north-east of NSW is the biodiversity hotspot for NSW and 3rd in Australia only to the Daintree and Kakadu. In the Whian Whian SCA a total of 276 native animal species have been recorded and a significant number of threatened species.

Mammal species such as the vulnerable spotted-tailed quoll and parma wallaby usually occur at mid-to-high levels in the forests and are very close to extinction. Open dry forest communities provide habitat for the endangered yellow-bellied glider, greater glider, squirrel glider, koala, red-legged pademelon, potoroo, quoll and rufous bettong.

Squirrel Glider

These are a tiny glider that has very soft blue-grey fur on their backs with a lighter white belly. They are distinctive with a dark black stripe from between their eyes to their mid back and the tail is very bushy with a blackish tip. They nest in a bowl-shaped, leaf-lined tree hollow and are best sighted when they emerge just after dark. Roaming cats have been the major contributor to their decline in the area along with clearing habitat. Providing a nest box can encourage this species where there is a lack of natural tree hollows.

Koala

Rosebank is home to a unique, genetically different species of koala. Many of the landowners love sharing their farms with the koala and over the years have planted 1000’s of koala food trees. Several clusters of breeding females live in the foothills of the national parks and on private land and these can be easily seen when driving around, highlighting the importance of driving carefully. Landclearing and dog attacks are the major contributors to injury, stress and death. If we all take care, our koala population is likely to survive, when so many other populations are under threat.

Red-legged Pademelon

This pademelon is a small wallaby with thick soft grey brown fur on its back and pale grey fur on its belly. Its face, forearms and rump also have a rufous brown tinge. Once seen its hundreds it is now threatened. Wildlife groups efforts have seen the Rosebank population now start to increase and this sweet little critter can be seen hiding in the forest fringes, once again.

Spotted-tailed Quoll

The Quoll was once common in our area however the latest study undertaken by J. Calaby in 1966 found a serious decline in their numbers. This has resulted from early settlement landclearing which reduced habitat and removed the old growth forests which supplied den sights in the larger hollow trees. Competition for den sites with possums and birds and introduction of diseases from feral cats & foxes, baiting with 1080 and natural disasters such as drought and flood have further impacted on their numbers. Please report any sightings to the WIRES hotline on 6628 1898.

Threatened and significant animal species recorded in the Rosebank Area, The Nightcap NP & the Whian Whian SCA

Great Barred Frog

Stripped Marsh Frog

Tusked Frog

Barred Frog

Frogs

  • Pouched Frog Assa darlingtoni Vulnerable
  • Giant Barred Frog Mixophyes iteratus Endangered
  • Great Barred Frog Mixophyes fasciolatus
  • Fleay’s Barred Frog Mixophyes fleayi Critically Endangered
  • Loveridge’s Frog Philoria loveridgei Endangered
  • Green Tree Frog Litoria caerulea
  • Tusked Frog Adelotus brevis
  • Stripped Marsh Frog Limnodynastes peroni

Snakes, Lizards & Turtles

Coastal Carpet Python

Brown Tree-snake

Yellow-Faced Whip Snake

Green Tree Snake

  • Stephen’s Banded Snake Hoplocephalus stephensii Vulnerable
  • Three-toed Snake-tooth Skink Coeranoscincus reticulatus Vulnerable
  • Coastal Carpet Python Morelia spilota
  • Red-bellied Black Snake Pseudechis porphyriacus
  • Common or Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
  • Green Tree-snake
  • Brown Tree-snake Boiga irregularis
  • Yellow-Faced Whip Snake Demansia psammophis
  • Eastern Small-Eye Snake Cryptophis nigrescens
  • Rough-Scaled snake Tropidechis carinatus
  • Bandy Bandy Vermicella annulata
  • Common Death Adder Acanthopis antarcticus
  • Land Mullet Egernia major
  • Southern-tailed Gecko
  • Eastern Bearded Dragon Pogona barbata
  • Eastern Water-Dragon Physignathus lesueurii lesueurii
  • Lace Monitor (Goanna) Varanus varius
  • Saw-shell Turtle Elseya latisternum (The only known predator of the Cane Toad)
  • Eastern Long-Necked Turtle Chelodina longicollis
  • Macquarie (Murray) Turtle Emydura macquarii
  • Clarence River Turtle Emydura sp.
  • Large Rainforest Snails

Saw-shell Turtle

Clarence River Turtle

Mammals

  • Koala Phascolarctos cinereus Vulnerable
  • Spotted-tailed Quoll Dasyurus maculatus Vulnerable
  • Red-legged Pademelon Thylogale stigmatica Vulnerable
  • Red-necked Pademelon
  • Red-necked Wallaby

Red-necked Wallaby

Swamp Wallaby
Photo: Sue Ulyatt

Northern Brown Bandicoot

Yellow-bellied Glider
photo: courtesy NPWS

  • Platypus
  • Short-beaked Echidna
  • Rufous Bettong
  • Squirrel Glider
  • Sugar Glider
  • Feathertail Glider
  • Yellow-bellied Glider
  • Greater Glider
  • Short-eared Mountain Brushtail Possum
  • Ringtail Possum
  • Long-nosed Bandicoot
  • Northern Brown Bandicoot
  • Eastern False Pipistrelle Falsistrellus tasmaniensis Vulnerable
  • Parma Wallaby Macropus parma Vulnerable
  • Large-footed Myotis Myotis adversus Vulnerable
  • Long-nosed Potoroo Potorus tridactylus Vulnerable
  • Antechinus
  • Ratus Fuscapes

Bats

Micro Bat

Flying Fox

  • Golden-tipped Bat Kerivoula papuensis Vulnerable
  • Large-eared Pied Bat Chalinolobus dwyeri Vulnerable
  • Little Bentwing-bat Miniopterus australis Vulnerable
  • Eastern Freetail-bat Mormopterus norfolkensis Vulnerable
  • Eastern Bentwing-bat Miniopterus schreibersii Vulnerable
  • Eastern Long-eared Bat Nyctophilus bifax Vulnerable
  • Black Flying-fox Pteropus alecto Vulnerable
  • Grey-headed Flying-fox Pteropus poliocephalus Vulnerable
  • Yellow-bellied Sheathtail-bat Saccolaimus flaviventris Vulnerable
  • Greater Broad-nosed Bat Scoteanax rueppellii Vulnerable
  • Common Blossom-bat Syconycteris australis Vulnerable

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Giant Rainforest Cricket

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